Robert Indiana was born Robert Clark in Indiana in 1928 and studied in Chicago, Maine and Edinburgh, Scotland before moving to New York City in 1954.
In New York, Indiana began making art with distinctive imagery drawing on commercial art approaches blended with existenialiam, and gradually he moved toward what he has called "sculptural poems" and he became part of the Pop Art movement.
Indiana's work often consists of bold, simple, iconic images, especially numbers and short words like "EAT", "HUG", and "LOVE".
In 2008, Indiana created an image similar to his iconic LOVE (letters stacked two to a line, the letter "o" tilted on its side), but this time showcasing the word "HOPE," and donated all proceeds from the sale of reproductions of his image to President Barack Obama's presidential campaign, raising in excess of $1,000,000. There is also a sculpture of the HOPE in Denver, Colorado and editions of the sculpture have been released and sold internationally. Indiana himself has called HOPE "Love's close relative".